lusentoj
08 May 2017 @ 12:22 pm
の is what's called a "particle", and it really has two jobs, both of which I'll show here. The most common meaning is that it's basically short for もち もの (持ち 物) "held-thing" (belongings, possessions).

In Japanese, they don't have different forms for "dog's, his, your" etc. versus "dog, he, you". So they'd say "you belonging house" to mean "your house; this house is your belonging". So の adds this meaning too, except Japanese can also say that a whole part of a sentence "belongs" to another part of the sentence. I'll give some examples.

日本 の 東京
ニホン の トーキョー
"Japan (belonging) Tokyo"
= Tokyo, Japan. Tokyo belongs to (the country of ) Japan.

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lusentoj
26 April 2017 @ 03:12 pm
Sentence structure. This one's really for [personal profile] supermanda

In Japanese word order, "what comes before describes what comes after" and in a complete sentence (we don't always write/speak in complete sentences!), a verb ends the sentence. Meaning:

(description) (thing being described)

子犬(コ イヌ)
"child-dog", dog that is described as a child
= a puppy

俺達(オレ タチ)
"i group", a group of people that is described as "i"
= we

漫画3巻(マンガ サン カン)
"manga 3 volume", 3 volumes of manga
("3" describes "how many" volumes; "manga" describes "what kind of 3 volumes")

(noun) (verb)
This means that the noun is describing who or what did the verb.

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lusentoj
24 April 2017 @ 10:31 pm
I now have two of you on my f-list who're (more or less) starting to learn Japanese, so I thought I'd write some short lessons from time to time. Here's the first mini-lesson, an explanation of how kanji actually work, it got a bit longer than planned but I think I covered everything.
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